A little bit more about “Circassia”

It’s been a while since my last post, that is particularly due to studies that I’ve been involved with during the past 9 months or so, :p

Tonight I want to publish some more information about “Circassia” that may become beneficial for someone.

So, Circassia is part of the Caucasus (i.e. North Caucasus) as shown below, nowadays Circassia lies at the southern part of Russia, although not much efforts are being done to spread this information, Circassia (which is the original and historical homeland for Circassians) is politically divided into 3 major republics from east to west (Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessk, Republic of Adygea)

now that is it for now, just warming up for next posts ..

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Circassians and Circassia

The Circassians are a North Caucasian ethnic group[19] native to Circassia, who were displaced in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus in the 19th century, especially after the Russian–Circassian War in 1864. The term “Circassian” includes the Adyghe (Circassian: Адыгэ, Adyge) and Kabardian people.[20]

The Circassians mainly speak the Circassian language, a Northwest Caucasian language with numerous dialects. The Circassians also speak Turkish and Arabic in large numbers and various other languages of the Middle East, having been exiled by Russia to lands of the Ottoman Empire, where the majority of them today live, and to a lesser extent neighboring Persia, where most of them came either deported en masse by the Safavids and Qajars, or to a lesser extent as muhajirs in the 19th century like in Ottoman Turkey.[21][22][23][24][25] The predominant religion amongst Circassians is Sunni Islam, Minority Habze, Orthodox Christian and Catholic.

There remain about 700,000 Circassians in historical Circassia (the republics of Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, and the southern half of Krasnodar Krai), as well as a number in the Russian Federation outside these republics. The 2010 Russian Census recorded 718,727 Circassians, of which 516,826 are Kabardians, 124,835 are Adyghe proper, 73,184 are Cherkess and 3,882 Shapsugs.[6]

The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization estimates that there are as many as 3.7 million “ethnic Circassians” in the diaspora outside the Circassian republics (meaning that only one in seven “ethnic Circassians” lives in the homeland), of whom about 2 million live in Turkey, 700,000 in the Russian Federation, about 150,000 in the Levant and Mesopotamia, and about 50,000 in Europe and the United States.

Circassians

From Russia to Turkey through Georgia with LOVE

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In the last month I had to take off to Turkey in order to deal with some issues there, and we decided to take the land-way “traveling in the car” and passing more than 2000 km, having the opportunity to refresh our minds and relief our souls in a trip that lasted for 8-9 days 🙂

Throughout our trip I had the chance to face different situations, those won’t bore you with, but as a conclusion I’m here to post my main impression about the three neighboring countries.

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Differences in test techniques between Russia and United States

“There should be changes in the examination techniques in the Russian universities”
Since I’ve studied in different places, I came to face various systems of testing, some of them were directed towards saving by heart the material to be tested “French system – very stupid method”, others worked on enhancing the ability of memorizing the material ,by what I call a “multiple choiceS question”, which I think is one of the most unreliable ways to test the knowledge of a student, I believe they were trying to copy (in my university) the American system of “multiple choice question” but they ended up by adding their finger-print so, as we know the “multiple choice question” is working by testing a question’s knowledge by giving multiple choices of which a ONE answer is THE MOST CORRECT, in this case surely we expect a good knowledge of the material, understanding, obviously because the answers are most likely to be very close!

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